Dear Family, Esteemed Friends and Guests,
I hope that this web page will be for all of us a source of knowledge about the Grocholski family, and that it will not let us forget those who have already departed, often in glory.
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The translated articles will successively appear in the English version.
In ancient Poland, when the organisation of the noble estate had yet to be crystallised, it seemed that the knightly estate would comprise three hierarchical orders. Such indications are contained in Kasimir the Great?s legislation and in numerous archival sources:
(i) the higher nobility: szlachta, miles famosus, generally nobilis;
(ii) the middle nobility: władcy, scartabelli (in the meaning that is very different from the institution of scartabellate later on) sometimes referred to in records as “squizio” (ścierałka in the jargon, etc.) corresponding to the French escuyer, the English squire, and later on esquire, who had no hereditary coats of arms;
(iii) the lower nobility: Panosza (familiaris, minister, ministerialis corresponding to the Czech armiger, scitoncse).
Grocholski Adam Remigiusz (1888-1965)
Adam Remigiusz Grocholski noms de guerre “Brochwicz”, “Doktor”, “Inżynier”, “Miś”, “Waligóra”, and pseudonym Żukowski (3 September 1888 – 17 March 1965) was a Lieutenant Colonel (Podpułkownik) of the Polish Army. He retired from active service in 1934.
Adam Remigiusz Grocholski was born on 3 September 1888 in Strzyżawka, the Ukrainian district of Winnica (Vinnytsia), to Tadeusz Grocholski, a landowner, and Zofia Grocholska, née Zamoyska. He completed his secondary education in Odessa and went on to read History and Law at Saint Petersburg University. After completing his studies, he was treated for tuberculosis in Zakopane and Davos.